The most common forms of disabilities in Kenya are associated with chronic respiratory diseases, cancer, diabetes, malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, other infectious diseases, and injuries such as those from road accidents, falls, land mines and violence.
Six functional classifications of disabilities were used to compute the prevalence rate of disability. The question to the respondents focused on the individual’s experience with or without use of assistive devices or support services.
See also: Beyond Disability
Here are the Statistics of Disability in Kenya
- The overall disability rate was 4.6%. Overall, nine in ten PWDs found disability without assistive devices a big problem.
- Activity limitation refers to difficulties experienced by an individual in the absence of any kind of assistance. The data indicate that KNSPWD found that
- 4.6% of Kenyans experience some form of disability.
- More disabled persons reside in rural than in urban areas.
- 15% of PWDs are likely to be affected by environmental factors on a daily basis and 3% on a weekly basis.
- 65% of PWDs regard the environment as major problem in their daily lives.
- A quarter of PWDs work in family businesses, but a third do not work at all.
- 16% women with disability aged 12–49 years use some form of family planning.
- Kenya National Survey for Persons with Disabilities PWDs who are unable to carry out their daily activities were more likely to be residing in rural areas (9%) than in urban areas (4%).
- The accessibility of the immediate surroundings plays an important role in PWDs’ participation in various activities. The survey shows that about 15% of PWDs are likely to be affected by environmental factors on a daily basis and 3% on a weekly basis. Three out of five (65%) PWDs mentioned the environment as major problem in their daily lives.
- A third of the PWDs worked on own family business with a quarter doing no work. About 16% worked for pay and one out of ten indicated that they were homemakers.
- The survey found that a third of PWDs use an assistive device or support service. Out of this proportion, one in five uses an information device while 12% use a personal mobility device.
- Overall, nine in ten PWDs are aware of the health care services available, but more PWDs in urban areas (95%) were likely to be aware of health services than their rural counterparts (86%). However, PWDs residing in the urban areas are less likely to have needed health services (72%), compared with their rural counterparts (79%).
- Use of family planning was found to be 16% for female PWDs aged 12 to 49 years.
Assistive Devices and Support Services
Assistive devices and support services consist of equipment and appliances used by PWDs to complement diminished or absence of certain physical functions. Support services are services that PWDs need or receive for their disability in relation to health, rehabilitation and welfare including but not limited to services from a personal assistant or aid. Such devices and services enhance the ability of a PWD to participate in day-to-day activities . here is Disability in Kenya Assistive Devices penetration
- 32% of PWDs use an assistive device or support service. Out of this proportion, one in every five uses an information device while 12% use a personal mobility device. Other devices such as communication aids (0.3%), household items (0.1%), personal care and protection (0.4%), handling products and goods (0.1%), and computer (0.1%) were rarely used.
- PWDs in urban areas (41%) were more likely to use an assistive device or support service than their rural counterparts (26%). Similarly they were more exposed to use of information devices (30% for urban verses 11% for rural).
- Nairobi had the highest (42%) use of assistive devices or support services compared with other provinces, while North Eastern Province had the lowest (16%). Those PWDs aged 15–24 reported low use of assistive devices (15%). Low use of assistive devices was also recorded among PWDs with nursery or kindergarten level of education (9%).
Courtesy of Kenya Survey of Pwd
Prevalence of Disability in Kenya
- The overall disability in Kenya rate was 4.6%. Of this the largest proportion was physical impairment (1.6%) followed by visual impairment (1.4%).
- Nyanza Province had the highest number of PWDs (6.8%), while North Eastern Province had the lowest (2.6%). The data also show that the proportion of PWDs is larger among older people.
- Prevalence of disabilities by type indicates that a bigger proportion of males than females suffered from mental disabilities (54% and 46%, respectively) and selfcare difficulties (55% of males compared with 45% of females).
- In contrast, females suffered more compared with males in terms of visual disability, 55% versus 45%, respectively.